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By Gregor Wolf, Program Leader, and Werner Kornexl, Senior Natural Resource Management Specialist
Cattle ranching and agriculture have been key drivers of deforestation and land degradation in Brazil, with land use practices that come at the expense of the environment and cause water scarcity, biodiversity loss and persistent poverty.
There’s no doubt that land and forest restoration to repair ecosystems is urgently needed in Brazil. This is especially evident in the State of São Paulo, where water scarcity from a combination of an extended drought and degraded watersheds is threatening the urban metropolis of more than 20 million people. Unfortunately, because of perceptions that land restoration is prohibitively expensive, interventions have been slow.
Fazenda da Toca, a private enterprise in São Paulo, is demonstrating the viability of large scale organic farming and agroforestry, including on land